Statue od saint Florian made for the Volunteer Fire Brigade in Morawica. The sculpture is 1.47 m high, made of bronze.
Saint Florian was in 1436 by the bishop of Cracow, cardinal Zbigniew Oleśnicki, appointed one of the four main patrons of the Kingdom of Poland .
The martyr paid special reverence to the people of difficult and dangerous professions, i.e. firemen, chimney sweeps and steel workers. They are called by his powerful intercession for people threatened by war, fire, flood, and today also people threatened by environmental pollution.
The rise of the patron’s popularity in the fifteenth century was caused by numerous sermons, songs, poems alterations of the legend and an impressive procession, which until the twentieth century went every year, on May 4, from Wawel to the collegiate church in Kleparz. Holy Father John Paul II in the apostolic letter sent on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the parish of St. Florian in Kleparz in 1984, as a former vicar of St. Florian, writes about the cult of St. martyr:
The Church in Poland, before giving his own Saint and Martyr, the Bishop of Cracow, Stanisław, and obtained his Patron in it, somehow leaned and grew on the ripe fruit of the holiness of the Universal Church, on saints which were given by other nations. At that time, they were signposts and guides for our Church on the path to holiness, which soon began to bear fruit on home soil.
Saint Florian became for us an eloquent sign of this universality and became a sign of a special bond between the Church and the Polish Nation with the Governor of Christ and the Capital of Christianity ... Saint, called as the guardian of the Kingdom of Poland, became the Patron of the City and Homeland. The one who suffered martyrdom when he hurried with his testimony of faith, with the help and comfort of persecuted Christians in Lauriacum, became the winner and defender in the many dangers that threaten man’s material and spiritual good.
It should also be emphasized that Saint Florian has been worshiped for centuries in Poland and beyond as the patron of firefighters, and therefore those who, faithful to the commandment of love and Christian tradition, help their neighbor in the face of the threat of natural disasters.
He probably died in 304. A Roman army officer in what is now Austria. During Diocletian’s persecution, he confessed to being a Christian and was cruelly martyred. Relics were brought from Italy to Poland, where he was worshiped from the 12th century.