The bust of Marszałek Józef Piłsudski was made by Mr Piotr Garstka.
The height of sculpture is 80cm and the width is 70 cm.
Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935) was a Polish politician, military and leader of the state. He was born on December 5, 1867 in Zułów, in today’s Lithuania, in a poor noble family. He studied medicine in Kharkov. At 20, he was sent to Siberia, from where he returned after five years. He edited the illegal magazine Robotnik. Organizer of Shooting Societies and Polish Legions in the Austrian Partition. Commander of the First Legion Brigade. In the early days of World War I he made an unsuccessful attempt to start a national uprising in the Russian partition.
From 1914 to 1917, the chief commander of the Polish Military Organization. Then arrested and imprisoned in a German fortress in Magdeburg, which strengthened his reputation as a fighter for Polish independence. Released in early November 1918, he arrived in Warsaw and on the 22nd day of the month he assumed the position of Chief of State. Head of the armed forces during the Polish-Bolshevik war. Before the offensive against Kiev, he was appointed Marshal of Poland.
On August 16, 1920, he led a decisive flanking maneuver from above Wieprz, which determined the victory in the Warsaw battle.
After adopting the March constitution, which significantly reduced the role of the head of state, he resigned from applying for the office of the President of the Republic of Poland. He resigned from all state functions and settled in the manor house in Sulejówek. In 1926 he conducted a military coup d’état, taking over real power in the state. In the following years he held the offices of the General Inspector of the Armed Forces and the minister of military affairs, and also temporarily the prime minister.
He undertook the dismantling of democratic institutions, built an environment of so-called Sanacja centered around him, and made the parliament and the president dependent on him, for which he appointed professor of chemistry, Ignacy Mościcki. He took full power in 1930 as a result of manipulated and partly rigged parliamentary elections called the “Brest elections”. Therefore, part of the marshal’s decision should be condemned.
He died on May 12, 1935, less than three weeks after the new constitution was adopted to consolidate his political position.